“Good health is not something we can buy. However, it can be an extremely valuable savings account.”

— Anne Wilson Schaef


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Symptoms & Diagnosis

Kidney stones are quite common. One in 10 men and one in 20 women may develop kidney stones during their lifetime.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

  1. Silent stones: kidney stones sometimes come to light during scans for other conditions and remain without any symptoms.
  2. Pain and bleeding: stones in the kidney can give intermittent pain and you may notice blood in the urine as well. This can follow physical exertion, jogging etc. If the stone migrates into the ureter (the tube that drains urine from the kidney into the bladder) it can cause excruciating pain radiating from loin to the groin and sometimes into the testicle in men. It is considered one of the severe pains people can experience.

Useful info and health tips

What causes kidney stones?

The commonest cause of kidney stones is insufficient fluid intake. We do need at least 2 L of fluid in 24 hours to the youth the waste products that are filtered into the urine. Sometimes there may be other reasons like high calcium levels, high uric acid levels (gout).

How are they diagnosed?

Usually kidney stones require a CT scan to confirm location, size and density of the stones

What treatment options do I have?

  • small stones pass by themselves with good fluid intake and pain relief
  • dissolution therapy: certain types of stones can be dissolved by changing the acidity of urine
  • stones in the kidney can be treated by shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous Nephrolithotmy (PCNL – key hole surgery), uretero-renoscopy and laser treatment (URS)

Surgical yag laser

Surgical yag laser

Further information on stone procedures

Please find below links to information leaflets and questionnaires from British association of urological surgeons, explaining the tests/procedures for kidney stones.

Kidney stones news

Roller Coasters May Help People Pass Kidney Stones, Study Suggests

Meet Our Team

  • Mr. Bernard Potluri

    Mr. Bernard Potluri

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    Jo Nualart

    Medical Secretary

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    Sharon Lambe

    Medical Secretary

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